Visual diagnostics for areal data and model residuals

```
sp_diag(
y,
shape,
name = "y",
plot = TRUE,
mc_style = c("scatter", "hist"),
style = c("W", "B"),
w = shape2mat(shape, match.arg(style)),
binwidth = function(x) 0.5 * sd(x, na.rm = TRUE),
...
)
# S3 method for geostan_fit
sp_diag(
y,
shape,
name = "Residual",
plot = TRUE,
mc_style = c("scatter", "hist"),
style = c("W", "B"),
w = shape2mat(shape, match.arg(style)),
binwidth = function(x) 0.5 * stats::sd(x, na.rm = TRUE),
rates = TRUE,
size = 0.1,
...
)
# S3 method for numeric
sp_diag(
y,
shape,
name = "y",
plot = TRUE,
mc_style = c("scatter", "hist"),
style = c("W", "B"),
w = shape2mat(shape, match.arg(style)),
binwidth = function(x) 0.5 * stats::sd(x, na.rm = TRUE),
...
)
```

- y
A numeric vector, or a fitted

`geostan`

model (class`geostan_fit`

).- shape
An object of class

`sf`

or another spatial object coercible to`sf`

with`sf::st_as_sf`

such as`SpatialPolygonsDataFrame`

.- name
The name to use on the plot labels; default to "y" or, if

`y`

is a`geostan_fit`

object, to "Residuals".- plot
If

`FALSE`

, return a list of`gg`

plots.- mc_style
Character string indicating how to plot the residual Moran coefficient (only used if

`y`

is a fitted model): if`mc = "scatter"`

, then`moran_plot`

will be used with the marginal residuals; if`mc = "hist"`

, then a histogram of Moran coefficient values will be returned, where each plotted value represents the degree of residual autocorrelation in a draw from the join posterior distribution of model parameters.- style
Style of connectivity matrix; if

`w`

is not provided,`style`

is passed to`shape2mat`

and defaults to "W" for row-standardized.- w
An optional spatial connectivity matrix; if not provided, one will be created using

`shape2mat`

.- binwidth
A function with a single argument that will be passed to the

`binwidth`

argument in`geom_histogram`

. The default is to set the width of bins to`0.5 * sd(x)`

.- ...
Additional arguments passed to

`residuals.geostan_fit`

. For binomial and Poisson models, this includes the option to view the outcome variable as a rate (the default) rather than a count; for`stan_car`

models with auto-Gaussian likelihood (`fit$family$family = "auto_gaussian"), the residuals will be detrended by default, but this can be changed using`

detrend = FALSE`.- rates
For Poisson and binomial models, convert the outcome variable to a rate before calculating residuals. Defaults to

`rates = TRUE`

.- size
Point size and linewidth for point-interval plot of observed vs. fitted values (passed to

`geom_pointrange`

).

A grid of spatial diagnostic plots. When provided with a numeric vector, this function plots a histogram, Moran scatter plot, and map. When provided with a fitted `geostan`

model, the function returns a point-interval plot of observed values against fitted values (mean and 95 percent credible interval), either a Moran scatter plot of residuals or a histogram of Moran coefficient values calculated from the joint posterior distribution of the residuals, and a map of the mean posterior residuals (means of the marginal distributions).
If `plot = TRUE`

, the `ggplots`

are drawn using grid.arrange; otherwise, they are returned in a list. For the `geostan_fit`

method, the underlying data for the Moran coefficient will also be returned if `plot = FALSE`

.
When `y`

is a fitted CAR or SAR model with `family = auto_gaussian()`

, the fitted values will include implicit spatial trend term, i.e. the call to fitted.geostan_fit will use the default `trend = TRUE`

and the call to residuals.geostan_fit will use the default `detrend = TRUE`

. (See stan_car or stan_sar for additional details on their implicit spatial trend components.)

`me_diag`

, `mc`

, `moran_plot`

, `aple`